Removing rose cuttings is an easy way to grow new plants from your favorite roses, and it’s completely free. In our opinion, you can never have enough roses; As a loyal cottage garden, they bring scent and color from June to December and with so many varieties there is something for almost every situation.
Roses grown from cuttings have the advantage of being suction-free, but they can grow with less force. Read on for step-by-step guides on how to grow roses from cuttings.
See: How to plant roses – an indispensable guide
When to take rose cuttings
Rose cuttings can be taken at any time of the year, but it depends on the type of cutting you are taking. There are two ways to take rose cuttings – as hardwood cuttings or as softwood cuttings. Hardwood cuttings are taken from mature growth in the fall and winter when the rose is dormant, albeit from the current year. Cuttings of softwood and stem tips are taken from the new season’s growth in late spring and early summer.
Which method is better is up for debate as different sources recommend different methods. Softwood cuttings root much faster and only last a few months, while hardwood cuttings root much slower but are generally considered to be more reliable.
See: Ideas for the rose garden – for a colorful and sweet smelling outdoor area
How to take cuttings from hardwood roses
1. In the early autumn after flowering, choose healthy shoots about the size of a pencil. Remove the flower and cut off a length of about 30 cm.
2. To prepare the cutting, remove the leaves and cut the shoot to about 23 cm. Cut diagonally at the top, just above an outward-facing bud, and make a straight line just below a bud at the bottom. The bud is the point where a leaf is attached to the stem. Put these in a polyethylene bath to make sure they don’t dry out.
3. Prepare a bed for your cuttings. Choose an open location that is shaded from the midday sun. To plant the cuttings, make a narrow, slit-like trench and drizzle in sand to improve drainage. Alternatively, you can use a wood chopper or a piece of bamboo cane to drill individual holes 15 cm apart and sprinkle with sand.
4th Insert the cuttings vertically into the trench so that a third of the shoot is above the ground. Cuttings must be placed at least 15 cm apart. Top up with soil, solid and water.
5. In a year the cuttings should have developed a root system and can then be carefully lifted with a fork and planted in their final location.
How to take softwood rose cuttings
1. These should be cut off from new growth in late spring and summer. They should be cut like a hardwood cut – a bud at the top and a bud at the bottom, but they can also be shorter, about 10 cm.
2. Remove all leaves except for the upper leaves, which are stripped onto two leaves.
3. At this point, before planting the cuttings, you can dip the underside of the cuttings in rooting hormone, which is available as a powder or liquid, to stimulate growth.
4th Plant the cuttings in a pot filled with an equal mixture of compost and sand. Create holes with a dibber to protect the cut.
5. Pour well and use the pots to cover a plastic bag that is secured with a rubber band.
6th A good root system should have developed by autumn, the plants can then be repotted in more nutrient-rich soil and in the following autumn they should be planted in their final location.
How to Root a Rose Cuttings
To root a rose cutting, you need to take either softwood cuttings in late spring or summer or hardwood cuttings in early fall through late winter.
If you are taking hardwood cuttings, plant them in a narrow trench in a prepared bed. Sprinkle sand in before planting to improve drainage, then fill it with water.
Softwood cuttings can be made in the same way, but they can be smaller and planted in pots filled with an equal mixture of compost and sand and then covered with a plastic bag.
Softwood cuttings should take root within a few months, hardwood cuttings take longer, but after a year both should have developed a good root system and the plants can then be planted in their final position.
On the BBC TV show Gardening world, Gardener Monty Don revealed an important tip for growing roses from cuttings. “One tip for improving rooting is to damage the leaf nodes – you can either cut them with secateurs; You can crush them … and that will provoke roots from that point on. So when they’re buried I get roots all the way up and hopefully a healthier plant. ‘
Can you root rose cuttings in water?
Rose cuttings can also be rooted in water. To do this, in late spring, select a healthy stem from the growth of the current year and cut a 15 cm section just below a bud.
Remove all of the leaves, leaving only the top two. Dip the cutting in a clean glass half filled with lukewarm water and place it in a sunny place, such as on a windowsill. The water should be changed once or twice a week.
See: How to make roses dead – for more flowers in a few weeks
Roots should begin to form within a month or two. Once a good root network is in place, the cutting can be carefully potted into pots with compost and some sand. The pot should be kept moist, but not poured over.
The rose should be ready to be planted out in the garden next spring.